9 Tips for Parenting a Child with a Learning Disability
Advice for parents, aimed at nurturing confident, happy children with a learning disability.
Few of us would say we were prepared for our babies to be born with a Learning Disability and for many there will be a time of readjustment, even mourning for the baby you thought you were expecting. But it’s important to learn to accept your child for who they are and not try to make them someone or something they are not. That leads to frustrated parents and unhappy children. There will be challenges but you will learn and grow together in dealing with them.
I had to give myself a talking to when Natty was tiny as I felt she was turning into a ‘project’, simply the target of lots of SALT and physio activities. Of course, she is our daughter and sister first and foremost. Success at school is not the be all and end all in life and in fact having Natty in our lives has made us re-evaluate our priorities: friendship, food, music, travel, family, enjoying the moment. Time spent at home with a loving family will influence your child the most.
Enjoy your child, show them they are loved just as they are, have fun, sing, be silly. Praise their successes, however small the steps and set achievable, realistic goals that will stretch and encourage development. Natty was able to access a Portage service at pre-school age, which helped us enormously with this.
Share, be open, talk
Easier said than done for many of course. I am a natural chatterbox and I found talking through concerns with neighbours, friends and other parents not only eased my mind, but helped them understand Natty better as well as any hurdles we were facing.
I was afraid people would stare when Natty was born. They do look, its only human nature to focus on differences, but it isn’t meant with malice. I draw them in and engage them in friendly conversation. That way they always leave more enlightened and knowlegable about Down’s Syndrome, and thinking what a lovely family we were, not a bunch of touchy, angry people who shooed them of for looking.
A positive outlook
This will do your child the world of good. Don’t moan about services providers or your child’s appointments, gripes with doctors or financial worries in front of them. They don’t want to feel like an inconvenience or source of stress for you.
This is crucial for self-esteem and confidence I believe. Save the niggles for an online chat or phone call when your child is asleep.
Keep a file of appointments as there might seem to be an endless stream of them at times. Copy any research you have done or questions you have as you go along too. As the greatest expert in your child’s life, professionals will often look to you for cues, so don’t be afraid to speak your mind. Oh, and take your file with you.
Be professional yourself when asking for help for your child. You will get people onside more if you work with them, even though you may have to be firm in your requests at times. This applies during the statementing process more than ever.
I always used to dress for medical appointments like a job interview. Sounds silly (and it shouldn’t be necessary) but I wanted to be taken seriously.
Research and find out what works for best for your child, what their learning styles and preferences are, what triggers their anxieties, what motivates them.
Natty loves working with song, or dance movements to help her learn. She loves cuddles and tickles as a reward, or an appropriately chosen iPad game. Work together with teachers and TAs to find out what works best at home and at school. Some children are kinesthetic (movement), visual or auditory learners.
Visual timetables are often useful, as is Makaton, symbols, emotions puppets and so on. Natty adores drawing shapes in trays of lentils or pasta for example.
No school is perfect and you can make up for their weak areas at home. I flexi-school, which wouldn’t be for every one but works well for us. We simply have one day a week at home together, working in Natty’s prefered way.
Work with school, not against them using a shared communication journal. Offer time and resource making if at all possible.
You can never start to teach life skills too early. I think I started earlier with Natty than her older sister because it was at the forefront of my mind that this was vital for her independence. If your child can learn to have a go, ask for help, brush off making mistakes, they will have a solid grounding in the emotional skills they need for life.
We worked on dressing, washing, sorting laundry, making beds, putting away clean cutlery, watering plants, feeding chickens, posting letters, paying for groceries and so on, all from a very young age. It also makes your child feel included and provides great distraction tasks when they might otherwise have a meltdown.
I include in life skills, encouraging healthy eating and a love of sports or outdoor pursuits. Sleeping well is also an important habit to develop young as is an understanding of cleanliness and toiletting. Make it fun, buy colourful/ electric toothbrushes and flannels, bath bombs, a variety of smells. We used to use a visual timetable to talk us throught he washing/ toiletting routine, and had many a silly song to accompany that.
It’s easy to over-protect and molly coddle but risk taking is part of what makes us human. Allow your child to make choices, take very calculated risks, try new friendships, get dirty, eat sand. I bet you did all that when you were young.
When Natty was tiny she sustained a little bump to her head when trying to pull herself up to standing against a brick wall. The doctor I nervously took her to see chucked kindly, “This is what I like to see,” he said “a child having a go and getting into scrapes like any other.”