Many students love music and dance, and research indicates that learning through music and structured movement is good educational practice. Whether you teach coding or another discipline, you can use your students' love of song and dance to deepen their enjoyment of the learning experience. Here are three strategies for bringing music and dance to your classroom.
Code.org's Dance Party code tutorial quickly became a class favorite for us as it capitalized on the students' love of some popular dance steps, such as the body roll, the dab, the high clap, the floss, the star and this or that.
By tapping into their prior experiences in the computational thinking elements of pattern recognition and algorithmic design, I was able to help students make connections to how events and measures are used in music. I also instructed them to choregraph and execute some of the dance steps as a scaffold for coding and to help them understand how similar logical instructions are executed in algorithms found in computer programs. Here are some strategies for integrating the arts into various subject areas:
Watch the video below to see how Lilia Preza’s students at Coldwater Canyon Elementary School in the Los Angeles Unified School District use simple computer programming to teach a robot to dance:
When executed effectively, music at the right time can liven any content lesson. Many of our students are already listening to music by their favorite artists and have a system for curating and sharing their playlists electronically with peers. Digital platforms like Spotify and Apple make sharing music simple, quick and inexpensive — and teachers can easily get in on this practice by creating a class playlist. To start, I recommend compiling your playlist by theme, appropriateness to your educational setting and by topic — such as a historical figure or time period. If you are unsure how to create or organize your music list, your digital music platform has a plethora of curated playlists at your fingertips that are already organized into the categories mentioned above. Or better yet, ask your students to help create a playlist related to the content covered in class. By allowing students to connect what they are learning with music is a great way to address the Empowered Learner standard within the ISTE Standards for Students, which expects students to leverage technology to take an active role in demonstrating competency in their learning goals.
When I teach kids how to become computational thinkers and coders in my computer science class, I incorporate their favorite songs and dances in my teaching space. For example, I use videos with catchy tunes to hook students during my mini-lessons and guided work time.
Additionally, I play the class playlist during work time activities, and I make it standard practice to gauge if singing along distracts from learning and their capacity for heavy mental lifting. On those days, I resort to playlists containing music without words, such as jazz, classical or other instrumental tracks.
When planning to incorporate music into a specific lesson or unit, the key is to enhance your content standards by making curricular connections and setting the tone and mood. Educators do not have to be experts in music to facilitate the intended learning.
For making connections across both the content and specialty areas, teachers can play music in the background or use lyrics to enrich a lesson. Some examples include:
Regardless of the subject you teach, it's critical to help students construct and connect learning in ways that are fun, engaging and most relevant to them. I believe music and dance afford us this opportunity, and both of these arts present the opportunity to scaffold many concepts and practices in many classrooms.
Jorge Valenzuela is an education coach, author, and advocate. He has years of experience as a classroom and online teacher, a curriculum specialist, and a consultant. His work focuses on improving teacher preparation in project-based learning, computational thinking and computer science integration, STEM education, and equity and SEL integration. Jorge is an adjunct professor at Old Dominion University and the lead coach at Lifelong Learning Defined. His book Rev Up Robotics and jump start guides Ready, Set, Robotics and SEL in Action are available from ISTE, and his next book, which takes a deep dive into the Equity and SEL Integration Framework, is forthcoming from Solution Tree.
This is an updated version of a post that originally published on Sept. 3, 2019.